If you will look through the Internet and search pollinators, you will see that there are lots of articles and blogs about their importance, and how you can attract them to your garden. So what are pollinators and why do you need them in your garden? This article seeks to give you a brief answer to these questions. What you will read are important in understanding pollination, the importance of pollinators, and tips you can do to invite them to your yard.
Importance of Pollinators
The animals and insects in your garden are not only there to sniff in your plants or to just pass by. Apart from the view of diversity in your garden, these animals and insects are pollinators and they play a very important role in your garden.
Pollination is the transferring of pollen grains from male part of the flower (anther) to the female part (stigma). It is called self-pollination if the pollen grains from a flower’s anther are transferred to the stigma of the same flower.
On the other hand, cross-pollination happens when the pollen grains from the anther of a flower are transported to the stigma of a different flower. Pollination can only become successful if the transfer of pollen grains happens in flowers of the same species. When the sperm cell from the pollen grains reach the egg cells, there will be fertilization, which results to the creation of the new seed.
Pollinators play a big part in the mechanism of cross-pollination because they are the carrier of pollen grains from one flower to another. Pollen grains are attached to them when they visit a flower, and they will unconsciously carry it to other flowers. Common pollinators in home gardens are bees, butterflies, hummingbirds and beetles.
Ways to Attract Pollinators
Since pollination is a very important process in the life cycle of plants, attracting pollinators has been an important task for home gardeners. To help you keep your garden healthier and more attractive, here are the ways you can do to invite pollinators to your garden.
- Use the organic approach instead of utilizing toxic products like pesticides.
- Choose plants with flowers rich in nectar and pollen grains.
- Make nesting and egg-laying sites in your garden.
- Choose plants with a variety of flower sizes, colors and shapes.
- Plant native species.
- Choose plants that have different bloom times.
- Provide special feeders (for hummingbirds and butterflies) and water.
- Plant herbs.
These tips in attracting pollinators are proven effective by many gardeners. If you will do them, you will surely see different kinds of pollinators roaming around your garden.
Written by Clark Jones, owner of Tree Frog Complete Grounds Maintenance. Tree Frog is the best company for landscaping in Columbia, MO.