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How To Take Care Of Your Green Mates For Development Of The Business

Arborists are such professionals who generally look after the safety and health of a plant is it trees, plants, herbs, bush, shrubs or vine or biennial or perennial plant. They generally take care of individual plants rather than taking care of a whole of the forest together. So there is a very distinctive differentiation between a forester and an arborist.


The calgary tree experts mainly provide organic professional guidance to the residential as well as corporate profiles. They generally use organic composts, fertilizers, vermin compost, cow dung for the health and safety of the trees. At the point when trees are permitted to develop without control or get to be infected, it could prompt genuine repercussions. Other than holding threat under tight restraints, our tree administrations enhance your property, give an incredible spot to play for children to play, and decorate the area, keeping up your trees and grounds increases the value of your home.

The Calgary Tree Experts Provide Following Professional Services

  • Tree removal
  • Planting of tree.
  • Providing professional services for three safeties of the trees and health.

Commercial Services

A good lawn or a beautiful ground filled colorful flowers will attracts the clients. Eventually such growth will be helpful for the organization only. Such certified arborists will be minting the health of such trees, maintaining the ground or lawns that in turn provide positive vibes to the business. They provide following services commercially:

  • Maintenance of the ground.
  • Commercial tree care.
  • Tree removal.
  • Tree consultancy.

Such natural items the arborists use for supportable techniques, and in addition characteristic and economical materials, to reestablish legitimate soil equalization. As appropriate soil parity returns, more advantageous soil results in more beneficial plants that are less inclined to irritations, organism and ailment. This while as yet having the genuine feelings of serenity that you’re youngsters, pets and the earth. We offer a complete line of creative non-dangerous items that prepare, secure, and decrease watering requirements for anything that develops.

Resuscitate is a cutting edge mix that breathes life into drained soils back and contains high vitality organic segments which will bring about more beneficial more lovely trees and bushes in a matter of a couple of weeks.

Organic Matters Provides The Following Benefits

Greatly reduces the evaporation and transpiration of water. Encourage deeper root systems, Helps the plants to stand out stressful conditions such as droughts famine, extreme cold weather etc.

For all the professionals services such arborists or related organizations provides package services. Availing such services at a commercial level will help in sustaining the business as well as it will not be too heavy to the pocket. If one can save at such ways it will be proved helpful to the revenue generation of relevant business.

But before seeking help to the professional level one need to understand few actions. Such as to some extent one must need to gain some knowledge about the process. For decayed matter to remove usage of organic fertilizers will be healthful and helpful for the plants are general terms. One can seek help from online official portals or brochure. So take care of your green mates.


How to Take Care of Your Lawn During Spring

After a long winter, things are finally starting to warm up. When you look outside your window, you’ll notice that your lawn has started to turn green once again. This indicates that it is now springtime and is the perfect time for your plants to be rejuvenated once again. But for your yard, you’ll have to be careful with your plants as this is a sensitive time for them. Your soil will mostly be spongy, plants turn tender, and the weather will be somewhat unpredictable. This is why it is best that you know how to take good care of your lawn during this time of the year. To do that, you will need to know a few things:

Type of Grass in Your Home

When it comes to taking care of your lawn during spring, it will generally depend on the type of grass you have planted:

  • Grass for Cool Season. The list for grasses perfect for cool season include fescue, rye, and bluegrass. These types of grass generally have two growth spurts. During spring, it grows moderately while having a big growth in the fall. When it’s time for the hot summer months, these grasses turn dormant and usually struggle. This is why it is important to focus on strengthening these grasses during spring so they can survive the next season.
  • Grass for Warm Season. Examples of warm-season grasses include Bermuda, centipede, Zoysia, and St. Augustine. Compared to the first type of grass, these generally do the opposite: they thrive during hot weather and go dormant when it’s cold. These types of grasses usually grow after the last spring frost and continue to grow by midsummer.

It is important to know the different types of grass you have at home so you are aware of how best to take care of them and when they are expected to grow.

Cleaning Your Lawn

When it comes to cleaning your lawn during springtime, it’s important that you do so gently. It is best that you avoid doing any heavy yard work until the soil has totally dried out. You should also avoid foot traffic and hard raking on the area as it could disturb or compact the soggy soil resulting to damaged tender grass shoots. Once you are sure that the soil is dry enough, the next thing you should do is to encourage grass to grow freely. This will discourage pests and diseases from appearing. When possible, remove any of the leaves as well as the debris that have fallen on the ground. Gently rake these away from your yard so the grass shoots can be separated easily.

Attending to Weeds

During springtime, it is best that you use a pre-emergent weed control so you can prevent weed seeds from germinating. The best time to do this is to apply the pre-emergent herbicide when the forsythia bushes finish blooming. By applying the herbicide at this time, you can stop crabgrass and other types of weeds from growing. A second application of the herbicide should be applied during summer as these only work for around three months. When you prevent weeds from growing in the spring, you can make sure that your lawn will be okay during cool or warm season.

Seeding and Planting in Your Lawn

Spring is the best time to either control the weeds or seed the lawn. This is why gardeners typically choose one activity over the other. If you have applied pre-emergent herbicides on your lawn, you won’t be able to do these two things as your grass seed will be prevented from sprouting. The herbicide will also be active for the next 12 weeks. By then, it’ll be too late to plant new seeds. With this reason, you need to time your gardening properly so you can do things right. Here is a short guide to follow:

  • The trick is to remember that cool-season grasses may be planted once the temperature in the air reaches 60 degrees and the soil temperature is in the 50-degree range. Planting within this time gives the seedlings a better chance to establish itself before the hot weather starts. The best time to plant these grasses is during fall.
  • For warm-season grasses, the best time to plant these is late spring or when the temperature reaches the 70-degree mark and the soil temperature is within 60 degrees.

By taking care of your lawn, you are getting a guarantee that your yard will look good and be healthy no matter what season it is. This is the best way you can be sure that your home will always look good and that the grass you have in your lawn is healthy.

Written by Boulder Creek Lawn & Landscape, the best service for landscaping in Jefferson City, MO.

Pest Control Company are Best to Avoid Problem of Pests

Some people would prefer to save money rather than hire a pest control expert. DIY techniques may seem like a more cost-effective solution. There are real benefits that come with hiring a professional rather than doing it alone at home. Here are some of the key benefits.

Eliminate Guesswork

The last thing you need is to have to clean all the rooms in your home and fumigate the surroundings only for the pesky pests to come back again. Most of the solutions that people use at home are improvised and not tested for their efficacy.

A pest control company has the expertise that you can tap into so as to eliminate the pest problem in your home. They address very specific needs that non-professionals had no clue about. They are aware of the existence of different sub species of bugs and what is required to get rid of each of them.


Homeowners improvising their own homemade solutions are at a much greater risk of toxicity. One common problem that occurs is when non-professionals use outdoor pesticides for indoor applications. This poses a significant risk for people living in that home. This is also as a result of misleading information from unqualified online sources.

Pest control experts are less likely to make these risky mistakes. They are trained on how to use the right remedy and the right amounts of it. Choosing an expert, therefore, is much less of a risk for your home and family.

Cleanness and Reduce illness

Rodents and bugs leave a trail of droppings in sensitive areas of your home such as the kitchen cabinet. This can facilitate the spread of illnesses to you and your family. When you fail to eliminate the bugs and rodents completely they will keep reappearing. This increases the risk of illnesses brought by these pests.

A professional pest control company can help get to the root of the problem so that you can ensure the pests will not keep reappearing. The professional companies always offer money back guarantee. You, therefore, do not have to pay in case their efforts fail to get rid of the bugs and rodents.


There are pests that you should not attempt to exterminate on your own. Especially if you are not 100% sure of what you are doing. Wasps and honey bees can pose a threat to you, your family and even your neighbors. They tend to attack when they feel agitated. Even attempting to kill a solitary wasp can be dangerous. It will release pheromones that will signal the others in their nest to attack.

An expert exterminator knows how to handle such dangerous insects without agitating them and risking provoking an attack. They have both the knowledge and experience necessary which you can rely on if you are worried about the safety of your family and those around your home.


Paying an exterminator every so often to do routine maintenance of your home will cost you some money. However, this is nothing compared to the damages that can be caused by some of these pests. Termites cause billions of dollars in damages every year. Homeowner’s insurance often does not cover such damages. The amount of money you invest in a professional pest control professional is, therefore, a good investment considering the amount you will save by preventing an attack from these bugs.

Before you attempt to get rid of pests in your home, take time to reflect on the benefits of hiring a professional. The benefits of getting a professional to do the job outweigh the cost by far. Consider calling a qualified exterminator today.

Written by BugOut Pest Control & Lawn Care. BugOut Pest Control & Lawn Care offers the best service for pest control Columbia, MO has to offer.

Pollinators and Ways to Attract Them to Your Garden

If you will look through the Internet and search pollinators, you will see that there are lots of articles and blogs about their importance, and how you can attract them to your garden. So what are pollinators and why do you need them in your garden? This article seeks to give you a brief answer to these questions. What you will read are important in understanding pollination, the importance of pollinators, and tips you can do to invite them to your yard.

Importance of Pollinators

The animals and insects in your garden are not only there to sniff in your plants or to just pass by. Apart from the view of diversity in your garden, these animals and insects are pollinators and they play a very important role in your garden.

Pollination is the transferring of pollen grains from male part of the flower (anther) to the female part (stigma). It is called self-pollination if the pollen grains from a flower’s anther are transferred to the stigma of the same flower.

On the other hand, cross-pollination happens when the pollen grains from the anther of a flower are transported to the stigma of a different flower. Pollination can only become successful if the transfer of pollen grains happens in flowers of the same species. When the sperm cell from the pollen grains reach the egg cells, there will be fertilization, which results to the creation of the new seed.

Pollinators play a big part in the mechanism of cross-pollination because they are the carrier of pollen grains from one flower to another. Pollen grains are attached to them when they visit a flower, and they will unconsciously carry it to other flowers. Common pollinators in home gardens are bees, butterflies, hummingbirds and beetles.

Ways to Attract Pollinators

Since pollination is a very important process in the life cycle of plants, attracting pollinators has been an important task for home gardeners. To help you keep your garden healthier and more attractive, here are the ways you can do to invite pollinators to your garden.

  • Use the organic approach instead of utilizing toxic products like pesticides.
  • Choose plants with flowers rich in nectar and pollen grains.
  • Make nesting and egg-laying sites in your garden.
  • Choose plants with a variety of flower sizes, colors and shapes.
  • Plant native species.
  • Choose plants that have different bloom times.
  • Provide special feeders (for hummingbirds and butterflies) and water.
  • Plant herbs.

These tips in attracting pollinators are proven effective by many gardeners. If you will do them, you will surely see different kinds of pollinators roaming around your garden.

Written by Clark Jones, owner of Tree Frog Complete Grounds Maintenance. Tree Frog is the best company for landscaping in Columbia, MO.

Realize Your Dream Of Constructing A Beautiful House With Glorious Flooring

Flooring is the most important aspect, in home construction and if your house flooring is not up to your expectation, you will be disappointed, certainly. In New England, you have the most experienced flooring service provider. Today, the most advanced flooring options are available and if you love to have the long lasting metallic epoxy flooring, you can consult the company, immediately. You have another option, with your engineered wood traditional flooring. The company takes care of installing the wooden flooring, with underground wiring system. If you are interested in custom designs, you can create your own design and the company will complete the job, according to your personal taste. Of course, the decorative concrete will have an elegant appearance and even this flooring option is instantly available to you. The custom creations decorative concrete LLC has been creating most fascinating flooring for domestic and commercial spaces. Now, you can create the best home, without having to spend a lot.

Astonishing Garage Flooring For Your Home

When you are entering your garage, your garage opens, with your remote control system and if the flooring is not impressive, you may not be enjoying your car parking. Solid color Epoxy, Colored vinyl chips, Metallic Epoxy and Epoxy Quartz are some of the garage flooring options for you and only when you visit the website of the company, you can realize that you are at the best place for your house flooring. So far, the company has created the best flooring for thousands of residential homes, apartments and business establishments, in around New England and other areas. In addition, the company provides other services like patios, pathways, driveways and landscapes. When you plan your next flooring, just take your mobile and call the company and enjoy the hassle free flooring services, from the well-established company.

The Water Heater Buying Guide – What to Know Before Making the Purchase

Most of the manufacturing companies offer 12 – 15 years of warranty on water heaters. If hard water is supplied to your homes, the heater might not even last till the warranty period. These days, many energy efficient heating systems are available in the market to choose from. You must do the homework well to find a cost efficient system.

In order to heat a tank, the traditional system will consume about 20% of the home’s energy. However, the advanced efficient systems will boost 4 – 20% of energy. You could contact a trustworthy and knowledgeable contractor, who fully understands the regulations of new systems.

Determining the capacity

Capacity is an essential feature to check while purchasing the water heaters San Diego. A family of four would require around 100 gallons of water every day to wash the dishes, clothes, take shower and perform daily activities. However, it certainly does not mean they would require 100 gallons of storage tank. You have to calculate the first hour rating or FHR and the gallons per minute ratings or GPM.

If you would use the hot water after a while, it while either cool down or become less hot. In order to return to original FHR, it will take sufficient time and energy. There is a misunderstanding among folks that new water systems will take the place of the old one. The newer models are taller and wider due to the efficiency improvement and increased insulation.

Which is the best system?

Several types of water heaters are available in the market depending on usage and requirements. Some of the advanced models guarantee to reduce half of the energy cost spent on traditional models. The most popular systems are-

  • The storage tank water heater
  • heat pump water heater
  • The tank less heater
  • Condensing heater
  • Solar heater

Know more about the storage systems

The storage water heater is popular these days. The systems include a highly insulated tank to heat and store water and a pipe attached above it. The valve fitted to the tank helps to control temperature and pressure. The systems operated with natural gas use less energy as compared to the electric heaters. However, the gas systems are little expensive that other alternatives.

The tank less water heaters will not store the water. Rather, they will heat water using the heating coils whenever you need it. They offer 3.5 gallons of water flow every minute. The systems are best for those who do not water for multiple applications like washing dishes and washing clothes simultaneously. Most of the systems use gas to heat water.

Why to choose the heat pump water systems?

The heat pump water heaters use heat from the surroundings to heat water. The best thing about the system is they use 60% less energy than standard heaters. However, their average cost is more than any other electric only models. The system might not provide sufficient results during the cold spaces. It is ideal for the areas that experience 40- 90 degrees of temperature.

Put Some Green In Your Apartment Life

Urban gardeners are usually well aware that space is their biggest challenge, but it is possible to introduce green and living design to a balcony, a roof space, or even to window ledges and walls. In fact, green walls have become very popular because they not only improve air quality and offer more natural surroundings than the typical brick face found in city and town centres, but they can help reduce the amount that you have to spend on heating during the winter. While space is potentially the biggest challenge, though, you shouldn’t overlook the potential problems with a lack of light, and questions of how best to deal with ventilation and drainage.

Light And Shade

Almost all forms of urban garden will pose some lighting challenges. Roof gardens can offer a large expanse of space, but the height of the location means that there is likely to be very little in the way of shade, meaning that sunscald can become a major problem. Take into account the light levels that your planting area will face throughout the year, and not just the problems that are present when you are planning and planting.


For urban gardens on rooves and balconies, there is the major problem of having no earth to dig into. Rather than trying to dump tonnes of soil on the roof of your property, the best approach is to use planters. You can erect semi-permanent planters, or use pots that can be moved around according to the weather, or shifted when you want to change the layout and design of your garden.

Drainage And Ventilation

Using planters means that you may struggle with natural drainage, and this is a consideration when designing, building, or buying planters. Hanging baskets should be hung low enough that you can water them, and you should avoid placing them above plants that require minimal water that might be in other planters. For balconies and indoor planting, you should also consider ventilation – many plants require fresh air, and you should try to find a way to provide free flowing, fresh air to your plants.


Even after taking these factors into account, however, space is likely to be your biggest challenge. Even a balcony can quickly become filled with planters, so ensure that you know the likely spread of any plants that you buy and nurture. While you can keep them cropped down, in most cases, the constant cutting and pruning of some genus of plants can lead to permanent and irreparable damage. It is better to choose plants that will remain relatively small where possible.

Green Walls And Green Rooves

Vertical gardening is a viable alternative to balcony gardening, and a great solution for those that do not have any outdoor space. Small yards can benefit by choosing plants that grow vertically, but even an external wall can be turned into a living wall, through the use of hydroponics style growing medium, and a good selection of suitable plant types.

Garden Club London specialises in urban gardening solutions. Enjoy green and natural planting in any space, whether you have a small yard, a roof garden, or you want to introduce a vertical green wall to your property.

Starting with a Water Garden

Gardening is one of our primordial fascinations. For thousands of years humans have gardened and for most of that time a major part of our diet came out of our gardens. As we became better at feeding ourselves, we also gained the time to indulge in activities that weren’t directly linked to our very survival. Flowers, ornamental shrubs, decorative trees all became a part of gardening for beauty and pleasure.

Water is a source of life. We are actually composed of 50 to 70 percent water and without water we can die in hours or a few days – far faster than from lack of food. Throughout history, water has been a necessity, even a source of warfare. We find comfort in sights and sounds associated with water, whether the source is the sea, a lake, river, stream or pond. I believe that the sense of comfort and relaxation most of us feel around water is deeply embedded in our being.

Water gardens of various kinds have a long history. From elaborate fountains with statuary to the simplest aquarium (yes, I include aquariums as a form of water garden despite the usual focus on the critters rather than the overall concept), water gardening is an ancient activity.

Currently, water gardening is considered a new trend for some reason. I’d guess this has to do partly with advances in technology, the widening availability of pre-constructed ponds and pumping systems, a growing awareness of the alternative forms gardens can take, and the fact that presenting something as new and trendy often improves sales.

Water gardening can be done using waterfalls and streams, ponds, fountains, and containers of various kinds some of which are as simple as a small indoor fountain with a recycling pump. The variety goes on and on and most can be further enhanced through using rock work combinations, various types of lighting both above and below the water surface (or behind a waterfall), plants, and, of course, fish or other water dwellers.

Water gardening doesn’t require a pond or natural water source either. It can consist of just a plastic tub, basically anything that can hold water. Many garden supply outlets can provide anything from the most basic setup to incredibly sophisticated water gardens consisting of waterfalls, pools and streams (with or without bridges).

The very first thing to consider is your budget since that will place some limits on how ambitious a project you can undertake. Water gardening can get expensive if you decide on a big garden full of plants, rocks, fish, and lights. Next you need to consider how much space you have available for a water garden. You probably won’t want a 15 foot waterfall with a 200 foot stream and a half acre pond in a suburban backyard. Be reasonable in what you choose as a first project, but also keep in mind the possibility of extending your water garden later. Size also affects the amount of maintenance your water garden will require.

If you plan to include fish and plants, you’ll want to choose a location with sufficient direct sunlight. Remember that if the garden is located close to trees and bushes, leaves and debris will end up in the water and need to be cleaned out regularly.

When you choose aquatic plants, don’t forget that the plants should, at most, cover about half of the water. Plants can be free floating, submerged, or marginal (near or at the edges). The types you choose are up to you. Some may be good for their scent, some are simply beautiful, and some plants provide more oxygen than others which helps keep the pool healthy. As well as being pleasant to watch, fish will assist in keeping debris to a minimum and in insect control.

Algae can be a major difficulty in water gardening. Most frequently, the problem results from having too many nutrients in the water either from fish food or plant fertilizer. Proper construction, feeding and fertilizing will keep algae to a minimum. Chemicals can be used to reduce algae but they can also kill fish and plants.

Like everything else, garden pools need to be maintained throughout the year. And it really doesn’t matter what size they are, even small ones will need care. However, with proper planning you can balance the living and decorative features of a water garden both to simplify and minimize your maintenance tasks.

You can eliminate algae through reducing the nutrients that cause algal growth by cutting back on feeding and fertilizing, adding more plants, putting in a filter system, or replacing existing water with fresh water. Chemicals are generally not recommended since overuse can kill.

An intriguing new method of algae control is through the use of ultrasonic waves. The use of ultrasound to destroy algae can be traced back to the early experiments with sonar for detecting submarines when it was discovered that some micro organisms were destroyed by ultrasonic waves. Transducers developed to control algae will not harm humans, animals, fish or aquatic plants. (They can also be used for swimming pools).

If your garden lacks a natural continuous water supply, you have a situation much like an aquarium. You will need to monitor both water quality and water level. Keep in mind that in many locations, tap water contains chlorine and a large amount should not be directly added to water containing fish (and some plants). Allowing tap water to stand in an open container for at least 24 hours will normally eliminate the problem. Closed systems will require added water as the surface water evaporates. A large water garden that relies on tap water and which contains fish and plants, should probably have small quantities of water added daily. For water gardens without circulating, aerated, or filtered water, maintaining water quality may be more difficult.

Still, water gardening really doesn’t take any more time than regular gardening and could well take less time once you have it set up and have your maintenance tasks well organized. It is different, however, so while you may not be able to grow anything but weeds in dirt, you might be superb at water gardening. As a hobby and a way to beautify your landscape, water gardening is excellent. And there’s nothing quite like the sound and sight of water to calm and relax you after the stresses of modern life.

The Basics of Japanese Gardening

postThings to keep in mind for a beautiful garden

Main principles on the garden’s design

Bring the Japanese feeling into your garden with these basic steps. First of all, embrace the ideal of nature. That means, keep things in your garden as natural as possible, avoiding to include things that could disrupt this natural appearance.

For example, don’t include square ponds in your design as square ponds are nowhere to be found in nature. Also, a waterfall would be something closer to what exists in nature if we compare it to a fountain. So you also have to consider the Japanese concept of sumi or balance. Because one of Japanese gardening design main purposes is to recreate large landscapes even in the smallest place. Be careful when choosing the elements for your garden, because you don’t want to end up filling your ten by ten courtyard with huge rocks.

As a miniaturized landscape, the rocks in the garden would represent mountains and the ponds would represent lakes. A space filled with sand would represent an ocean. By that we assume that garden masters were looking to achieve a minimalistic approach, best represented by the phrase “less is more”.

The elements of time and space

One of the things westerners notice at first are the many portions of empty space in the garden. In fact, these spaces are an important feature in Japanese gardening. This space called ma, relates to the elements around it and that also surround it. The concepts of in and yo are of vital importance here, they are best known to the Western civilization by the Chinese names yin and yang. If you want to have something you have to start with having nothing. This is an idea quite difficult to understand, but it is a rule of thumb in Japanese gardening.

An important clue in the development of a garden is the concept of wabi and sabi. There’s no literal English translation for those words. Wabi is about uniqueness, or the essence of something; a close literal translation is solitary. Sabi deals with the definition of time or the ideal image of something; the closest definition might be time strengthened character. Given the case, a cement lantern that might appear unique, would lack of that ideal image. Or an old rock covered in lichens would have no wabi if it’s just a round boulder. That’s why it is important to find that balance.

Ma and wabi/sabi are connected to the concepts of space and time. When it comes to seasons, the garden must show the special character of each one. Japanese garden lovers dedicate time to their gardens every season, unlike the western gardener who deserts in fall just to be seen again in spring.

A very relaxing view in spring is given by the bright green of new buds and the blossoms of the azaleas. In summer, the lush foliage in combination with the pond offer a powerful and fresh image. The vivid spectacle of the brilliant colors of dying leaves in fall are a prelude for the arrival of winter and its white shroud of snow.

The two most important gardening seasons in Japan are spring and winter. Japanese refer to the snow accumulated on braches as Sekku or snow blossoms. Yukimi, or the snow viewing lantern, is another typical element of the Japanese garden in winter. The sleep of the garden in winter is an important episode for our Japanese gardener, while for the western gardener spring is the beginning of the work at the garden. Maybe because of the eastern point of view as death like part of the life cycle, or perhaps the western fear to death.

About garden enclosures
Let’s see the garden as a microcosm of nature. If we’re looking for the garden to be a true retreat, we have to ‘set it apart’ from the outside world. Because of that, fences and gates are important components of the Japanese garden.

The fence and the gates have both symbolism and functionality. The worries and concerns of our daily life have to stay out of this separate world that becomes the garden. The fence protects us from the outside world and the gate is the threshold where we leave our daily worries and then prepare ourselves to confront the real world again.

The use of fences is based in the concept of hide/reveal or Miegakure. Fence styles are very simple and are put in combination with screen planting, thus not giving many clues of what hides inside. You can give a sample look of your garden by cutting a small window in the solid wall that encloses your garden if that’s the case. Sode-gaki, or sleeve fences, are fences attached to an architectural structure, that will only show a specific view of the garden from inside the house. Thus, we’re invited to get into the garden and enjoy it in its entirety. That’s what makes the true understanding of the garden, to lose in it our sense of time and self.

Basic Arrangements
Despite the fact that certain rules are applied to each individual garden, don’t think that there’s just one type of garden. There are three basic styles that differ by setting and purpose.

Hill and Pond Garden (Chisen-Kaiyu-skiki)
A China imported classic style. A pond or a space filled with raked gravel fronts a hill (or hills). This style always represents mountainous places and commonly makes use of vegetation indigenous to the mountains. Stroll gardens commonly use this style.

Flat Garden (Hiraniwa)
It derives from the use of open, flat spaces in front of temples and palaces for ceremonies. This is an appropriate style for contemplation and that represents a seashore area (with the use of the right plants). This is a style frequently used in courtyards.

Tea Gardens (Rojiniwa)
Function has a greater importance than form in this type of garden. The Roji or dewy path, is the main point of the garden, along with the pond and the gates. This would be the exception to the rule. The simple and sparse plantings give a rustic feeling to the garden.

Formality has to be taken in consideration
Hill and pond and flat styles may be shin (formal), gyo (intermediate) or so (informal). Formal styles were to be found usually at temples or palaces, intermediate styles were suitable for most residences, and the informal style was used in peasant huts and mountain retreats. The tea garden is the one that always fits in the informal style.

The garden components

Rocks (ishi in Japanese) are the main concern of the Japanese garden. If the stones are placed correctly, then the garden shows in a perfect balance. So here are shown the basic stone types and the rules for their positions.

The basic stones are the tall upright stone, the low upright stone, the curved stone, the reclining stone, and the horizontal stone. These must be usually set in triads although this doesn’t happen always. Two almost identical stones (by way of example, two tall verticals or two reclining stones), one a little quite smaller than the other, can be set together as male and female, but the use of them in threes, fives, and sevens is more frequent.

We have to keep away from the Three Bad Stones. These are the Diseased stone (having a withered or misshapen top), the Dead stone (an obviously vertical one used as a horizontal, or vice versa, like the placement of a dead body), and the Pauper Stone (a stone having no connection to the several other ones in the garden). Use only one stone of each of the basic types in any cluster (the rest have to be smaller, modest stones also known as throwaway stones). Stones can be placed as sculptures, set against a background in a two-dimensional way, or given a purpose, such as a stepping stone or a bridge.

When used as stepping stones they should be between one and three inches above the soil, yet solid underfoot, as if rooted into the ground. They can be put in straight lines, offset for left foot, right foot (referred as chidori or plover, after the tracks the shore bird leaves), or set in sets of twos, threes, fours, or fives (and any combination thereof).

The pathway stands for the passage through life, and even particular stones by the path may have meaning. A much wider stone placed across the path tells us to put two feet here, stopping to enjoy the view. There are numerous stones for specific places. When observing the basic design principles, we can notice the exact character of the Japanese garden.

Water (mizu in Japanese) plays an important part in the composition of the Japanese garden because of Japan’s abundant rainfall. Water can be represented even with a raked gravel area instead of water. A rushing stream can be represented by placing flat river stones closely together. In the tea garden, where there isn’t any stream or pond, water plays the most important role in the ritual cleansing at the chozubachi, or water basin. As the water fills and empties from the shishi-odoki, or deer scare, the clack of bamboo on rock helps mark the passage of time.

The flow of water, the way it sounds and looks, brings to mind the continual passage of time. A bridge crossing the water stream is often used as a landscaping complement. Bridges denote a journey, just as pathways do. Hashi, in japanese, can mean bridge or edge. Bridges are the symbolic pass from one world into another, a constant theme in Japanese art.

Plants or Shokobutsu may play a secondary role to the stones in the garden, but they are a primary concern in the design too. Stones represent what remains unchanged, so trees, shrubs, and perennials have to represent the passing of seasons. Earlier garden styles used plants to make up poetic connotations or to correct geomantic issues, but these have little meaning today.

As the the Heian style diminished under the Zen influence, perennials and grasses fell out of use. So, for a long time, there were only a few plants that tradition allowed for the garden. However, in modern Japan, designers are again widening the spectrum of materials used. It is highly recommended that native plants are chosen for the garden, because showy exotic plants are not in good taste. Be aware that native plants are used in the garden, because it is in bad taste to use showy exotic plants. Although pines, cherries and bamboo immediately remind us of Japanese gardens, we encourage you to use native plants of your locality that you can find pleasing. If we choose evergreens as the main plant theme and combine it with deciduous material that may provide seasonal blooms or foliage color we can recreate the look of the Japanese garden.

Now the next thing taken in consideration in a Japanese garden are the ornaments or Tenkebutsu. Stone lanterns are, for westerners, a typical impression of Japanese gardens.Stone lanterns are not important components of the Japanese garden. The reason is that ornaments are subjected to the garden’s design. Lanterns, stupas, and basins are just architectural complements added when a point of visual interest is necessary to the design.

A good way to finish yor garden design could be a well-placed lantern. The three main styles (although with many variations) are: The Kasuga style lantern, is a very formal one featuring a stone base. In the Oribe style lantern, unlike the Kasuga style, the pedestal is underneath the ground. The Yukimi or Snow-Viewing lantern is set on short legs instead of a pedestal. Consider the formality of your garden setting to choose the appropriate lantern.

When possible, elements from outside the garden can be included in it. For instance, you can work a far away mountain including the scenery in your design, framing it with the stones and plants existing in the garden.
The borrowed scenery (shakkei in Japanese) can be: Far (as in a far away mountain); near (a tree just outside the fence); High (an element seen above the fence) or low (like a component seen below a fence or through a window in the fence).

As much as it is perceived to contradict our sense of enclosure, it reminds us of how all things are interconnected.

The feel of your garden
The Japanese garden is a subtle place full of contradictions and imperatives. Where firmly established rules are broken with other rules. If you meet the Buddha on the road, you must kill him is a Zen paradox that recommends not to stick so tightly to rules, and the same goes for Japanese gardens.

When building a Japanese garden, don’t get too attached to traditions that hold little meaning for you. It would have no function to recreate a Buddhist saints garden. This also applies to trying to remember the meaning of stone placements, as this method is no longer used in Japan, or even in the United States, due to the lack of meaning for us in the modern world.

That’s why we have selected a few gardening suggestions that do hold relevance and integrate them into a garden. These three ideas on gardening will give direction to achieve perfect results.

The overall setting of the garden should always be right for the location, not the other way around.

The stones should be placed first, next the trees, and then the shrubs.

Get used to the concepts of shin, gyo, and so. This is of great help to start working on the garden.

Have in mind that the real Japanese gardens are the traditional ones in Japan. What we can do in America is to shape a garden in the Japanese style. Rikyu once said about the perfect Roji: “Thick green moss, all pure and sunny warm”. In other words, techniques are not as important as the feeling you evoke in your garden. Said in other way, the feeling is more important than techniques.

The Magic Of Gardening

Gardening is great, and we learn to appreciate not only outstanding gardens when we visit one but also the gardener, who is putting a lot of time and energy into his garden. We are so accustomed to the fact that some people enjoy working in their gardens that we often forget that this is not something that is forced upon them, gardening is an acquired hobby, it takes time and a lot of learning to get to being a gardener and it is not a thing that can be achieved in a short time.

Let us leave aside for a moment the classic gardener that we know and think of, that middle aged, sometimes even older, man or woman that spends a lot of his or her time in the garden manicuring every leaf on every flower and examining the roots of every tree, these are the people who have made their decision about gardening a long time ago.

What makes a gardener, what are the deciding moments for a gardener and how does it start. Most will say that it starts simply by having a garden or a backyard, since most gardeners own a garden they can take care of and it is usually located in their own property, although there are some amateur gardeners that take care of a garden that is not located on their property – most gardeners do own their garden.

The passion for gardening is universal, you will find dedicated gardeners on every spot in the world, and in almost every possible climate, there is someone that is waiting for spring to arrive so he could start planning his garden. The other thing about gardens are that they need careful planning, and it is no wonder that when you meet an experienced gardener and ask what is the firs thing you need to do, the answer will most probably be to plan your garden and make sure you understand what you want to have in it before you start making it so, this way you will guarantee that you can deal with all the potential difficulties that await a beginner.

The amateur gardener will most probably need the basic working tools, a pair or tow of working gloves and a few good books about the flowers and plants that are the ones that are popular in that area, the reason for this modest beginning is very simple, if you start building your own garden you will want to start and enjoy it as soon as you can, and since it is almost certain that you have a lot of work ahead of you, it is only sensible to try and shorten the waiting period as much as possible.

Depending on the size of the garden that you intend to develop it is important that you start working on a relatively small part, making it your testing ground, whatever you will find that works on that part you can then apply to all the other parts of the garden and you will also have the knowledge of how much effort and time it will take. Developing your own garden will than start, and it will probably last you for the rest of your life. Gardening is more than just a hobby.

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